Listed in chronological order

Ivanow, W. (1935). The Sect of Imam Shah in Gujrat. Journal of the Bombay Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society (New Series), 12(1935), 19-70.

Poonawala, I. K. (1960). “Nur Satgur”, “Pir Sadr al-Din”, “Pir Shams or Shams al-Din”. The Encyclopaedia of Islam.

Asani, A. S. (1987). “Ginan”. Encyclopedia of Religion.

Asani, A. S. (1987). The Khojahs of Indo-Pakistan: The Quest for an Islamic Identity. Journal of the Institute of Muslim Minority Affairs, 8(1), 31-41. Retrieved from

Asani, A. S. (1987). The Khojki Script: A Legacy of Ismaili Islam in the Indo-Pakistan Subcontinent. Journal of the American Oriental Society, 107(3), 439-449.

Boivin, M. (1987). “Ginan”. Encyclopedia of Religion.

Khan, D.-S. (1997). The Coming of Nikalank Avatar: A Messianic Theme in Some Sectarian Traditions of North-Western India. Journal of Indian Philosophy, 25, 401-426.

Asani, A. S. (2001). The Khojahs of South Asia : Defining a Space of their Own. Cultural Dynamics, 13(2), 155-168.

Asani, A. S. (2000). Muslims in South Asia: Defining Community and the ‘Other’. Bulletin of the Royal Institute for Inter-Faith Studies, 2(2), 103-113.

Khan, D.-S., & Moir, Z. (2000). The Lord will Marry the Virgin Earth: Songs of the Time to Come. Journal of Indian Philosophy, 28, 99-115.

Kassam, T. R. (2001). Teaching Religion and Music: “Those who sing pray twice”. Spotlight on Teaching/Religious Studies News, 16(2), 1,12.

Hanif, N. (2002). “Shams, Pir (1165-1277)”.¬†Biographical¬†Encyclopaedia of Sufis – Central Asia and Middle East.

Nanji, A. (2003). “Ginan”, “Khojki Script”. The Oxford Dictionary of Islam.

Catlin-Jairazbhoy, A. (2004). Sacred Songs of Khoja Muslims: Sounded and Embodied Liturgy and Devotion. Ethnomusicology, 48(2), 251.

Gillani, K. N. (2004). The Ismaili Ginan Tradition from the Indian Subcontinent. Review of Middle East Studies Association Bulletin, 38(2), 175-185.

Khan, D.-S. (2005). Reimagining the Buddha. Journal of Indian Philosophy, 33, 321 -3342.

Purohit, T. (2007). Reading Global Islam Through Messianic Renewal in Dasavtar. Sikh Formations, 3(2), 151-167.

Moir, Z., & Khan, D.-S. (2010). New Light on the Satpanthi Imamshahis of Pirana. South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies, 33:2, 210-234. Retrieved from