Seminar by Dr Juan Ignacio Lopez Moreno

Dr Juan Ignacio Lopez Moreno, of the Pyrenean Ecology Institute of CSIC in Jaca, Spain, will present a CH seminar titled Climate Snow and Water Studies in the Pyrenees on Friday 20 April.

The Pyrenees is the largest mountain range in Spain and a good example of how climate and land use changes are affecting the hydrology of mountain headwaters and the water availability of neighbouring lowland areas.

The presentation will provide a summary of the research carried out in the Pyrenean Institute of Ecology to understand and quantify global change processes in mountain areas and its impacts on snowpack, glaciers and water resources.

The seminar will take place at 11am on Friday 20th April, in Room 1261 of the NHRC. It will also be streamed by WebEx.

 

 

Water Resources Warnings for Canada from Cape Town

Writing in The Conversation, CH and Global Water Futures Director Dist. Prof. John Pomeroy has discussed the risk of extreme impacts related to water resources – in the form of drought, floods, adverse water quality and wildfires – in Canada.This post offers a synopsis of the article, which is available in full here.

In recent years, rationing has been implemented as a temporary solution to water shortages in several major cities and conurbations across the country. Such measures have yet to attain the extreme constraints currently being experienced in Cape Town, South Africa, but this may only be a matter of time. Where shifting meteorological patterns driven by anthropogenic climate-change diminish snow and rain, shortages are likely to become more intense and frequent, and will translate into increased wildfire risk, poor water-quality, and major impacts on agricultural and ecological systems.

At the other end of the scale, widespread settlement and development along major rivers, together with increasing occurrences of intense or extended rainstorms, has increased the potential for damaging flood events.

In Canada, disruption to the key contributions made by seasonal snowpack and glaciers is a particular cause for concern.

With many hitherto “unusual” weather events increasing in frequency as atmospheric and oceanic warming continues and meteorological systems respond, methods previously applied to gauge the risks of drought and flood are rapidly becoming obsolete.

In the light of such challenges, improvements in water security in Canada could be achieved by:

  1. Improving integration and coordination of water governance, planning and services, by developing national-scale capabilities to forecast floods, droughts, water quality and water supply.
  2. Working to reduce flood damage through more active and integrated river basin water management, calculating future flood risk and restricting development in future flood zones.
  3. Reassessment of infrastructure, and capabilities to manage and store water, in expectation of droughts longer and more severe than any previously experienced.
  4. Managing the cumulative effects of development within watersheds, thereby reducing the contamination of lakes and rivers, so that the water is safe to drink and sustains aquatic ecosystems.

This in turn will depend on moving away from the mosaic of local, regional, provincial and federal authorities which currently manages water governance, and establishing more coordinated, inclusive and effective services within a national water security strategy. The Global Water Futures program seeks to drive progress towards these goals, both nationally and internationally.

Cold Regions Hydrology Research Opportunities at CH

There are several research studentships and positions with Professor John Pomeroy, Director of the Global Water Futures Programme (GWF) and of the Centre for Hydrology at the University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Sask. & Canmore, Alberta. GWF is the largest freshwater research programme in the world and is transforming our ability to understand and predict cold regions water security. Exceptional students may also be considered for a $45,000/year GWF Excellence Scholarship (see www.usask.ca/water)

GRADUATE STUDENTS

  • PhD Student – Cryospheric representation in large scale hydrological models
  • PhD Student – Contributing Area and Streamflow Dynamics
  • MSc Student – Drone-based snow measurement

RESEARCHERS

  • Canadian Rockies Hydrological Observatory Research Scientist / Coldwater Laboratory Manager
  • Cold Regions Sensor Design and Construction – PDF or Electrical Engineer or Electronic Technologist

PhD Studentships

PhD Student – Cryospheric representation in large scale hydrological models
The successful candidate for this position will have a MSc in hydrology with experience in hydrological model development, excellent mathematics, computer coding and environmental physics skills and an understanding of cold regions hydrology: glaciers, snow, permafrost, frozen soils. This student will be working within the Integrated Modeling Program for Canada (IMPC) project of Global Water Futures on advancing the representation of glacier and snow dynamics, and heat and mass transfer in frozen ground in large scale hydrological models used in the GWF programme. The student will review, develop, encode and test advanced algorithms describing these processes in Environment Canada’s MESH hydrological model. Test sites in the Canadian Rockies, Prairie and North are available for model validation. This research will help quantify the impact of climate warming on cold regions hydrology with particular reference to quantifying pan‐Canadian changes in water supply and water security.

Co-supervised by Dr. John Pomeroy (Geography & Planning) and Dr. Al Pietroniro (Civil Engineering). Interested applicants should contact Dr. Pomeroy (centre.hydrology@usask.ca) with a cover letter explaining their motivation, academic CV, unofficial transcript and contact details for three academic references. http://artsandscience.usask.ca/geography/graduates/welcome.php

PhD Student – Contributing Area and Streamflow Dynamics
The successful candidate for this position will have a MSc in hydrology with experience in both field work and numerical hydrological modelling and excellent quantitative physical environmental science skills. A background in agricultural hydrology and knowledge of cold regions hydrology is an advantage. The student will be working within the Prairie Water Project of Global Water Futures on investigating the dynamics of Prairie streamflow as it relates to variations in basin contributing area. The student will use a combination of field and modelling studies to evaluate the contributing area-streamflow relationship and determine the influence of geomorphology, climate and wetland distribution. This research will contribute to knowledge that will inform land management decisions as it pertains to sustainable water management and water and nutrient transport to water bodies. The PhD will be expected to collaborate with others to evaluate the influence of best management practices on the health of Prairie water bodies.

Co-supervised by Dr. John Pomeroy and Dr. Chris Spence (Geography & Planning). Interested applicants should contact (centre.hydrology@usask.ca) with a cover letter explaining their motivation, academic CV, unofficial transcripts and contact details for three academic references. http://artsandscience.usask.ca/geography/graduates/welcome.php

MSc Studentships

MSc Student – Drone-based snow measurement
The successful candidate for this position will have proven their suitability for research through high marks in an honours bachelor degree in a physical environmental science or engineering. Their undergraduate science or engineering background should include GIS and physical hydrology, and some knowledge/interest in snow and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs or Drones). The candidate should be comfortable surviving and working in remote mountain environments in winter and have excellent backcountry snow travel skills on ski, snowshoe and snow machine. Experience piloting UAVs is an asset to this post. The student will be working in the ‘Transformative Sensor Technologies and Smart Watersheds for Canadian Water Futures’ project of the Global Water Futures programme at the University of Saskatchewan. The project is to use UAVs with LiDAR and photogrammetry (Structure from Motion) to measure snowcover depth and coverage changes over winter and spring in mountain and prairie environments and relate this to spatial variation in snow redistribution and energetics.

Interested applicants should contact Dr. John Pomeroy (centre.hydrology@usask.ca) with a cover letter explaining their motivation, academic CV, unofficial transcripts and contact details for three academic references. http://artsandscience.usask.ca/geography/graduates/welcome.php

RESEARCH POSITIONS

Canadian Rockies Hydrological Observatory Research Scientist / Coldwater Laboratory Manager
A rare opportunity exists for a post-doctoral scientist to be a field-based research scientist working in close collaboration with Professor John Pomeroy in conducting cold regions hydrology studies in the Canadian Rockies Hydrological Observatory, UAV-based hydrology studies with the Smart Water Systems Laboratory, and managing the GWF Coldwater Laboratory in Canmore, Alberta. This is part of the Global Water Futures programme. The successful candidate for this job will have a top-rated PhD and substantial publication record and evidence of leading successful field programmes in mountain snow and cold regions hydrology plus interest in leading a UAV and field station based measurement programme in the Canadian Rockies. Proven capability to conduct research outdoors in extreme conditions, exceptional leadership skills and training in wilderness first aid are essential for this position. Experience piloting UAVs and/or in hydrological modelling is an asset. Employment as a Research Scientist is directed only towards those with a valid Canadian work permit. International candidates may be considered for Post-Doctoral Fellow (PhD within 5 years of appointment) or Visiting Professorship (must take leave from home institution) appointments in support of this function.

Based in the Canadian Rockies town of Canmore, Alberta, your primary duties will be:

  • Advance scientific knowledge of mountain hydrological cycling
  • Conduct research towards a better understanding of mountain hydrology sensitivity to change
  • Contribute towards modelling glacier, alpine and forest hydrology in the Canadian Rockies
  • Conduct UAV-based investigation of mountain surface characteristics.
  • Engage with stakeholders and users of research in the Canadian Rockies
  • Write scientific papers, progress reports, conference presentations
  • Assist in mentoring MSc/PhD students, researchers and technicians at the Coldwater Lab.

Cold Regions Sensor Design and Construction – PDF or Electrical Engineer or Electronic Technologist
The successful candidate for this post will have extensive experience in developing and making circuit boards, assembly and contribution to design of environmental sensors, and deployment and testing of environmental sensors in testing facilities and outdoor environments. This post is in support of the Smart Water Systems Laboratory of the Global Water Futures programme at the University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon. The candidate will work with a research scientist in development, construction and deployment of new snow, streamflow, micrometeorology, gas flux and soil moisture sensors for cold regions. International candidates are welcome to apply at the PDF level (5 years or less since PhD). Others should have a valid Canadian work permit.

Western Economic Diversification provides funding for Smart Water Systems Lab

CH has received $1.37M from Western Economic Diversification (WED) to establish the Smart Water Systems Laboratory (formally the Autonomous and Airborne Cold Regions Innovation Laboratory), which will deliver transformative technological capabilities for water-related observation and data collection.

The funding will be used to purchase a range of advanced equipment (including drones, specialized cameras, a 3D printer and scanning system), and fund the development of new specialized sensors.

More information of the broader award to the U. of S. from W.E.D. is available here.

Tundra Hydrology Research Profiled by CCRN

The research of Sebastian Krogh, a CH student from Chile working towards his PhD under the supervision of Dist. Prof. John Pomeroy, has been profiled in an article released by the Changing Cold Regions Network (CCRN).

Sebastian is studying interactions between climate, landscape and hydrology near Inuvik in the Northwest Territories. Using the Cold regions Hydrological Model (CRHM), he has reconstructed flows over the past 56 years in order to improve understanding of the processes associated with warming air temperatures and increasing vegetation on the tundra.

The article is available here.

25 years of Research at Wolf Creek Celebrated by CBC

The Wolf Creek research watershed near Whitehorse (YT), which has repeatedly been a prime focus for work by CH scientists and their affiliates, has recently completed its 25th year of operation. To mark the occasion, a group of researchers gathered at the watershed, and the meeting was covered by the CBC.

The watershed continues to provide an invaluable resource for studying hydrological processes in upland northern landscapes, and shifting influences under changing climatic conditions.

The CBC report is available here, and also within the Northbeat video of 2 October 2017 (at 20:23 minutes).

U of S hydrologist Howard Wheater to advise on US national water future

Renowned University of Saskatchewan hydrologist Howard Wheater, who co-leads the world’s largest university-based water research initiative—Global Water Futures (GWF), has been appointed to a distinguished U.S. National Academies panel looking into the future of water resources in the United States.

The panel of leading water science experts is charged with identifying America’s highest-priority water science and resource challenges over the next 25 years, and making recommendations on the strategic water science and research opportunities to address those challenges. It will report its finding in 2018.

“The loss of life and $180-billion damage from Hurricane Harvey is a wake-up call to the U.S. for the need to better manage water-related threats, including risks from climate change, and the hurricane’s effect on rising gas prices in Canada shows the far-reaching impacts of extreme events on the global economy,” said Wheater, who attended the panel’s first meeting in Washington this week.

“The work of this U.S. panel reinforces the importance of the work we are doing with our U of S Global Institute for Water Security to address Canada’s challenges of coping with a rapidly warming climate and its impacts on our water environment.”

Wheater lends his expertise to several other international water-related issues. He serves as an independent international expert supporting the Republic of Chile in a dispute with Bolivia before the International Court of Justice in The Hague, Netherlands.  He is also working with the State of Nevada in a dispute with the U.S. Department of Energy over the proposed Yucca Mountain radioactive waste repository. He also gives keynote addresses to national and international water science meetings.

To devote more time to international work, Wheater is stepping down from the GWF directorship on September 30th.  He will take a one-year administrative leave next year, but will continue to provide strategic support to John Pomeroy who has served as GWF co-director over the past year. Wheater will also continue to provide support and advice to the GWF core team responsible for hydrological modelling and co-supervise graduate students. He will stay on as director of the Global Institute for Water Security, which he founded in 2010, until next March 31st.

“The $143-million Global Water Futures project is now well launched and is gathering momentum with the support of our three key university partners and scores of other partners across Canada and around the globe,” said Karen Chad, U of S vice-president of research.

“Howard Wheater has made an outstanding contribution over the past seven years, and I know that this nationally important Canada First Research Excellence Fund initiative is now going to be in very capable hands under the stellar leadership of Canada Research Chair John Pomeroy.”

Wheater noted that a number of major projects that he has been leading at the U of S are drawing to a close. The research program of the seven-year Canada Excellence Research Chair (CERC) in Water Security concludes this month. Federal funding for Changing Cold Regions Network concludes in March of 2018.

Through the CERC research program, U of S researchers have developed new in-depth knowledge of water issues in the enormous Saskatchewan River Basin and the Mackenzie River Basin, ranging from drought and flooding, to competing societal water uses, to water quality issues. They have used new experimental modelling and remote sensing approaches to understand, diagnose and predict changing land, water and climate in these major river basins.

“Due to our CERC, the U of S has become one of the world-leading research-intensive institutions in the area of water security,” Wheater said.

One of the CERC accomplishments of which he is most proud has been the training of almost 800 graduate students, more than 140 post-doctoral fellows, and more than 250 research scientists, technicians and assistants.

Wheater, who is a Distinguished Research Fellow and Emeritus Professor in Hydrology at London’s Imperial College, served as chair of the Council of Canadian Academies Expert Panel on Sustainable Management of Water in the Agricultural Landscapes of Canada which reported in 2013. He is a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering and the American Geophysical Union and winner of the Prince Sultan bin Abdulaziz International Prize for Water.

For more information about the U of S-based Global Water Futures initiative, visit: https://gwf.usask.ca

GIWS Announces GWF PhD Excellence Scholarships

As part of the Global Water Futures (GWF) program, the Global Institute for Water Security (GIWS) has recently established the GWF PhD Excellence Scholarships, each valued at $45k per year for 3 years. At least 10 scholarships are available, and hydrology is one of the eligible subjects.

These are entrance scholarships offered to students who have outstanding academic records, show research promise, have exceptional communication, interpersonal and leadership abilities, and are registering for the first time in a PhD program at the University of Saskatchewan. More details are provided on this PDF and the award web-page.

The proposed PhD research program should be in alignment with at least one of the GIWS themes and GWF research areas, under the supervision of a GIWS faculty member. Most faculty from the Centre for Hydrology are eligible members of GIWS and PhD students wishing to study hydrology are strongly encouraged to apply and to contact a potential supervisor from this list posted here.

If you have questions regarding potential topics of study in hydrology please contact Joni Onclin at centre.hydrology@usask.ca

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