Category Archives: Problem Solving

What Is Creativity and How Can We Teach It?

I was inspired to do a post on this topic after reading my group partner Greg Reese’s blogpost and podcast titled Creativity… Can It Be Taught? From the podcast,  video, and Marvin Bartel’s work shared by Greg, I gathered some opinions that others have about creativity:

1)  Greg Reese*: Creativity can’t be taught explicitly; teachers need to create conditions where students can blossom; a teacher needs to know when to get out of the way.

2) Kirby Ferguson: Copy, Transform, Combine “These are the basic elements of all creativity, I think everything is a remix, and I think this is a better way to conceive of creativity.”

3) Marvin Bartel: People are naturally imitators, but this does not promote innovation or critical thinking. Limitations and restrictions can promote creativity in students in a way that leaving them to do what they please cannot.

Young Child Painting

CC licensed flickr photo shared by allee-baba

Many people immediately think about painting, drawing, and  other visual arts when they hear the word creativity. Some may even think about other art forms like music, drama, dance or even language arts, writing and poetry. Creativity is sometimes just a buzz-word to me. Therefore, I’ll start with an exploration of what creativity means.

Wikipedia states that “creativity refers to the phenomenon whereby something new is created which has some kind of subjective value (such as a joke, a literary work, a painting or musical composition, a solution, an invention etc). It is also the impetus and motivational force behind any given act of creation, and it is generally perceived as being associated with intelligence and cognition.”

The article goes on to note the many definitions of creativity from different disciplines including education, science and psychology with only a brief mention of creativity in the arts.

Creativity is also linked to words such as imagination, progressive, original.

For several assignments that I have completed to Education course requirements the class was instructed to complete assignments ‘creatively’, meaning through artistic representation or “something other than an essay.” While this is great for me personally, I feel like some students become trapped in this unrestricted assignment, similar to Bartel’s points above. Many students bring very creative ideas in essay format. It can be very restrictive to say to someone, especially with an over excited and bubbly disposition, “Be creative!”

Creative Pincusion

CC licensed flickr photo shared by The HUB Network

After a 3-year B.A. in Studio Art, 2 years in the College of Education and repeatedly having others refer to me as ‘creative,’  my understanding of creativity is to relate it to problem solving. For me, true creativity is using what you have to accomplish what you need/want to do. This might involve putting two or more things/ideas that have already been used together, or it might be entirely unique. Creativity in the arts refers to solving the problems that come with creating something (a product). For example, a painter needs to discover how to mix paints to get a particular colour, or how to represent a specific texture on a two dimensional surface (process).

The more I look into how I think about creativity, the more I discover that these things have already be thought of or said or researched and I realize I’m thinking in circles, and that this post is getting very long. Thank you to Wikipedia (look under “Aspects of Creativity”) for summing some of them for me.

In reading more on his website I discovered that Bartel also compares artistic behaviour to the scientific method very well. He explores “the relationship between art and learning to think.” This is akin to my thinking on the topic.

Creativity = Thinking

CC licensed flickr photo shared by davidyuweb

In sum, I’d like to finish with one of Greg’s ideas: “we don’t want a multiple choice type of education”. I believe that we need to teach students how to problem solve, how to discover the answers, how to ask questions, and how to think for themselves. (Marvin Bartel discusses how to do this in visual art classes as well.) This is ultimately the scientific method – problem, hypothesis, research, experiment, analysis, conclusion – and when this method is done without explicit direction it becomes inquiry (another buzzword in education). Therefore creativity=thinking. 
Finally, to relieve myself from over thinking and obsession on the topic (creative overload?? ha ha) I had some fun! To respect copyright I will not post these, but I strongly suggest a Google Image search of “Calvin and Hobbes + Creativity.” 
*Greg, I hope I summarized your thoughts accurately, if not I apologize. Either way you inspired ‘creative’ thought in me.

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Filed under Creativity, Problem Solving

Playing with Google Forms

**UPDATE: March 18. I learned that I would not share the responses from a paragraph-type question. Unfortunately, I had someone copy and paste an entire Wikipedia article as a joke, which made the results confusing to read and also happened to be offensive and therefore flagged – or whatever it’s called when something cannot be read by the public online anymore (I had a friend show me and we couldn’t view the results unless I logged onto Google Drive). However, this was a good experience because I learned both how to remove a question from a form and how to erase all the responses and start new (unfortunately I had to erase all or none so I lost the previous responses including some great stories). Future: only have the results publicly available if the answers are not typed in freely. I could post a message for those interested in the results to contact me if necessary.**

I wanted to do some playing with Google Forms as I missed this topic when it was presented in class. This is practice for when, not if, I use them in the future for:

suitcase covered with freeform knitting and crochet

CC licensed flickr photo shared by freeform by prudence

Organizing events, trips (professional or personal… like organizing family Christmas!)

Getting to know students and parents/organizing interviews

School-wide Surveys

Tests and Quizes

3D Bar Graph Meeting

CC lienced flickr photo shared and created by lumaxart
www.lumaxart.com

Math and Graphing

Student created surveys and research

Collecting opinions and preferences from those who are too busy and/or too shy to speak up.

Collecting feedback on anything.

Students’ record of readings/homework/optional work.

suggestion box

CC licensed flickr photo shared by sethoscope

Alternative to the  “suggestions box” or “questions, concerns, ideas box” (similar to our exit slips in ETAD 470)

Orders (i.e. lunch orders, clothing orders)

Creating essay or story outlines

Peer/Self Evaluation reports

Guided Reflection Document for Staff and Students

Voting System

**Some of my ideas came from here, and there are many, many more.  

Here’s my Google Form:  https://docs.google.com/forms/d/18bzspof3AcGWNx-ZPVt7whGrHBF4gkNn085ltvPhNbk/viewform

Fill it out for some fun if you like and/or share it with anyone. There will be an option for you to review the results etc. after you finish. I’ve added my personal Facebook friends to complete it as well so I’m hoping for many creative answers!

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Filed under Google, Problem Solving, Teaching Ideas, Teaching Tools, Technology